Tested or Tempted


Sometimes we struggle with the question, "Is it God or the Devil?" behind all this. I believe God tests and Satan tempts. The following is some great Greek word study info I found. It is written by Dr. Bob Utley. A good solid sermon could be built out of the information below. God tests us to prove us and Satan tempts us to pervert us.

There are two Greek terms which have the idea of testing someone for a purpose:

1. DokimazÇ, Dokimion, Dokimasia
This term is a metalurgist term for testing the genuineness of something i.e. metaphorically someone) by fire. The fire reveals
the true metal and burns off (i.e. purifies) the dross. This physical process became a powerful idiom for God and/or Satan
and/or humans testing others. This term is only used in a positive sense of testing with a view towards acceptance.
It is used in the NT of testing:

a. oxen – Luke 14:19
b. ourselves – I Cor. 11:28
c. our faith – James. 1:3
d. even God – Heb. 3:9
The outcomes of these tests were assumed to be positive (cf. Rom. 1:28; 14:22; 16:10; II Cor. 10:18; 13:3; Phil. 2:27; I Pet.
1:7). Therefore the term conveys the idea of someone examined and proved to be:
a. worthwhile
b. good
c. genuine
d. valuable
e. honored

2. PeirazÇ, Peirasmus
This term has the connotation of examination for the purpose of fault finding or rejection. It is often used in connection to
Jesus’ temptation in the wilderness.
a. It conveys the attempt to trap Jesus (cf. Matt. 4:1; 16:1; 19:3; 22:18, 35; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:38; Heb. 2:18).
b. This term (peirazÇn) is used as a title for Satan in Matt. 4:3; I Thess. 3:5.
c. It is used by Jesus warning us not to test God (cf. Matt. 14:7; Luke 4:12) [or Christ cf. I Cor 10:9]. It also denotes the
attempt to do something that has failed (cf. Acts 9:20; 20:21; Heb.11:29). It is used in connection with the temptation
and trials of believers (cf. I Cor. 7:5; 10:9, 13; Gal. 6:1; I Thess. 3:5; Heb. 2:18; James. 1:2, 13, 14; I Pet. 4:12; II Pet

(source: www.freebiebiblecommentary.org)


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